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London Ontario History

Located in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor, London is situated in Southwestern Ontario.

According to the 2011 Canadian census, the city has a population of 366,151 people. In the the seat of Middlesex County, London is at the forks of the large Thames River and roughly halfway between Detroit, Michigan and Toronto, Ontario.Lake Huron Resort destinations such as Grand Bend  and Bayfield( on Lake Huron are with in short drive. Middlesex County municipality is nearby, though it is a politically separate municipality.London is serviced by numerous bedroom communities such as Komoka(,Kilworth,Delaware,Mount Brydges,Ilderton,Lucan,Dorchester and St Thomas.

London however remains the official county seat for the area. First settled by Europeans between 1801 and 1804 by Peter Hagerman, London became a village in 1826. London has thrived since then, going on to become the largest Southwestern Ontario municipality. London is Canada's eleventh biggest metropolitan area, consuming many of the smaller communities nearby. The city has developed a strong focus towards education, housing both Fanshawe College and the University of Western Ontario. Both schools contribute greatly to the city's reputation as an international learning center geared towards higher education. The schools also bring the spotlight to London via scientific research and cultural events. London is also a great area for travelling, health care and manufacturing. London holds a number of musical and artistic performances, in theaters such as the Grand Theatre on Richmond Street, in downtown core. London's many musical and cultural festivals are a boon to its tourism, Though the majority of London's economic activity is focused on education, insurance, medical research and information technology. The university and hospitals are some of London's top employers. It lies at the intersection of Highway 402 and 401, connecting it to Windsor, Toronto, and Sarnia. London has an international airport, train and efficient bus station.

The present site of London was occupied by numerous Odawa/Ojibwa villages before European settlement in the 18th century. Investigations performed by archaeologists have revealed that aboriginal people may have lived in the area for the past ten thousand years. London's current location was initially picked as the site for the future capital of Upper Canada in 1793 by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe. Simcoe had intended to name the area Georgina, in honour of King George III, and named the Thames river. However, the choice of a capital amongst the large amount of hardwood forests was rejected by Guy Carleton, the Governor of Dorchester. In 1814, there was a battle during the War of 1812 in what is now south London at Hungerford Hill, which is now called Reservoir Hill.

Published Wednesday, March 25, 2015 2:24 PM by Jim Straughan


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